It is one of the cities of Saudi Arabia, founded 2,000 years ago BC, with an area of 850 km², and its height above sea level is 277 meters, and is named for several names, including: Um al-Qura, Makkah, Bakka, and The Faithful Country, a holy city for Muslims because it has the Grand Mosque and the Kaaba. It has mentioned in the Holy Quran several verses,

فقال الله تعالى: (وَهُوَ ٱلَّذِى كَفَّ أَيْدِيَهُمْ عَنكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ عَنْهُم بِبَطْنِ مَكَّةَ مِنۢ بَعْدِ أَنْ أَظْفَرَكُمْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرًا) [الفتح: 24]

وقال الله تعالى: (وَهَٰذَا كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ مُّصَدِّقُ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَلِتُنذِرَ أُمَّ الْقُرَىٰ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهَا) [الأنعام: 92]

Makkah is geographically located on the west side of Saudi Arabia, 120 kilometers from Taif to the east, 400 kilometers from Medinah to the southwest, and 72 kilometers from Jeddah and the Red Sea. It is astronomically located at 39.81667 degrees east of the Greenwich Line, and at a latitude of 21.41667 degrees north of the equator, and its climate is a hot, dry desert climate, due to its distance from the Red Sea coast and its location in the tropics, and in winter its warm climate. The population is made up of Saudis, who make up 75% of the population, 25% non-Saudis of different nationalities such as Egyptians, Nigerians, Sudanese, Malians, Burmese, Bengalis, Yemenis, Pakistanis, and the official language of the population is Arabic, and the whole religion is Muslim. The sights of Mecca are the Grand Mosque, which is one of the most important and great mosques in the city. The Kaaba is one of the holiest religious sites in the world.

Makkah is the land of security, safe and stable, Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) has forbidden everything in it to be conquered, it is the sanctuary of Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) , and the sanctuary of every oppressed, in which the house of Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) , to which it attracts human beings without force, and to him people walk to answer the call, it is a cleansing of souls and hearts. Congratulations to those who have come to it, Hajj or Umrah, to come out as his mother gave birth to him/her, who has forgiven his sins, and his body is healthy from the pains and the sins, and his soul has risen to embrace the curse of heaven.

In Makkah, the obedience is another pleasure, in which good-deeds are multiplied, sins and bad things are placed, and the earth is blessed, and there is no yearning for the soul for sin, nor longing for all that is forbidden, the pleasure of living in it is obeying Allah(سبحانه تعالى) , and the pleasure of walking in it is reciting Doas, seeing the Kaabah, trembling feet and hands, and the eyes standing in a bewilderment in the majesty of the majestic view.

Makkah, on the small number of letters, carries with it a lot of meanings and started by books, and you find the fabric of the different people, and make love and giving among them, it is the hospitality of the House of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى), which leaves in the souls of human beings of sin only and dispersal it, and does not warn of sin except to correct it, so strengthening it is its dowry and deliverance is its title, and the love is its language. Makkah is the beacon of science and scholars, and the path of the righteous to draw its light from it, the universe will shine, and ignorance will be lifted from the people, and in Makkah all the features of science are visible from humility, truth, understanding and honesty, and the inexhaustible giving of his conscience, in which the Quran descends on his holy prophet to fill the earth with justice and prevail among them, and raise injustice and ignorance, and rule among them.

For those who have visited Makkah and worshipped and made a pilgrimage to Allah(سبحانه وتعالى) , where hearts open to reveal all the tiredness and injury, and the breasts are explained to reveal love and longing on its sands, the lessons pour out a longing for the love of our Holy Prophet Muhammad  (صلى الله عليه وسلم)and his loyal companions who have made every precious and precious sacrifice of our survival in our path and our way, they are the guidance and light of every darkness with which one follows, and the people are best and fore-dead in the earth.